Вопрос:

Clojure applying a map and keyword arguments destruction

map clojure keyword-argument destruction

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Consider a function with the following signature:

(defn make-widget [& {:keys [x y] :or {x 10 y 20}}]
 ...)

What is the best way to pass a map to the function, e.g.:

(make-widget {:x 100})

or

(make-widget {:y 200 :x 0})

What I have currently thought of is via vec, flatten and apply e.g.:

(apply make-widget (flatten (vec ({:x 100}))

I strongly believe there is a better way to do this. Can you please consider one?

Автор: Zaur Nasibov Источник Размещён: 15.10.2013 07:03

Ответы (3)


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Решение

I can't think of a more elegant way, either, though it seems to me to that there should be one (like a map-specific variant of apply).

Using flatten has problems beyond not being very elegant, though. If the values of your map are collections, flatten will work recursively on those, too, so things could get totally mixed up. This alternative avoids that problem:

(apply make-widget (apply concat {:x 100}))
Автор: Rörd Размещён: 15.10.2013 07:37

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You can use:

(apply make-widget (mapcat identity {:x 200 :y 0}))
Автор: Ankur Размещён: 15.10.2013 08:36

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There is also a known (not invented by me at least), function "mapply":

(defn mapply [f & args] (apply f (apply concat (butlast args) (last args))))

which can be applied like

(mapply your-function {:your "map"})

As to why is this language-specific functionality absent from Clojure core, being implemented more natively and elegantly, no one could ever give me a clear answer.

UPDATE

After I have spent much time programming in Clojure, I personally tend to refrain from creating functions that accept a {} as a vararg. Although at first this can seem appealing, in reality experience proves that passing an explicit {} is always better for many reasons.

Автор: noncom Размещён: 17.10.2013 02:49
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