Вопрос:

Marshal an array of strings from C# to C code using p/invoke

c++ .net interop pinvoke marshalling

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3 ответа

685 Репутация автора

I need to pass an array of C# strings into C code

Example C code

void print_string_array(const char** str_array, int length){
    for (int i = 0; i < length; ++i) {
        printf("Sting[%l] = %s\n", i, str_array[i]);
    }
}

C# that I have tried (This did not work)

string foo[] = {"testing", "one", "two", "three"};  
print_string_array(foo, foo.Length);

[DllImport(my_C_dll, CharSet = CharSet.Ansi)]
private static extern void print_string_array([In][MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPArray, ArraySubType=UnmanagedType.LPStr)] string[] sa, int length);

Fails with a System.AccessViolationException System.AccessViolationException : Attempted to read or write protected memory. This is often an indication that other memory is corrupt.

I have also tried (This also did not work)

string[] foo = {"testing", "one", "two", "three"};  
IntPtr[] s_array = new IntPtr[foo.Length];

for(int i = 0; i < foo.Length; ++i) 
{
    s_array[i] = Marshal.StringToCoTaskMemAnsi(foo[i])
}
print_string_array( s_array, s_array.Length);

[DllImport(my_C_dll, CharSet = CharSet.Ansi)]
private static extern void print_string_array(IntPtr[] sa, int length);

This also fails with a System.AccessViolationException System.AccessViolationException : Attempted to read or write protected memory. This is often an indication that other memory is corrupt.

Any one know how to pass an array of strings from c# to C?

Edit: Added error messages per suggestion from David Heffernam. Change size_t to int in C code since it did not affect what I was trying to do. Still get the same errors.

Автор: gnash117 Источник Размещён: 10.11.2012 12:24

Ответы (3)


2 плюса

1640 Репутация автора

Your second attempt is quite close. Try the following:

string[] foo = {"testing", "one", "two", "three"};  
IntPtr[] s_array = new IntPtr[foo.Length];

for(int i = 0; i < foo.Length; ++i) 
{
    s_array[i] = Marshal.StringToHGlobalAnsi(foo[i])
}
GCHandle gH = GCHandle.Alloc(s_array, GCHandleType.Pinned);
print_string_array( gH.AddrOfPinnedObject(), s_array.Length);
gH.Free();
for(int i = 0; i < foo.Length; ++i) 
{
    Marshal.FreeHGlobal(s_array[i])
}

[DllImport(my_C_dll, CharSet = CharSet.Ansi)]
private static extern int print_string_array(IntPtr sa, int length);
Автор: Sebastian Cabot Размещён: 10.11.2012 06:08

4 плюса

538131 Репутация автора

Решение

You can simply declare your function in C# like this:

[DllImport(my_C_dll, CallingConvention=CallingConvention.Cdecl)]
static extern void print_string_array([In] string[] str_array, IntPtr length);

As it is written, your C++ code would appear to use the cdecl calling convention. So you may need to make the C# declaration match. I suspect that is the main problem you are facing.

Note also that size_t, which you use for the length parameter is 32 bits wide in a 32 bit process, and 64 bits wide in a 64 bit process. So the correct C# type is IntPtr. Personally I'd declare it to be int in both the C++ and C# code.


One final word of advice. When you encounter failures, include the error messages in your questions. I suspect your first code failed with this error:

A call to PInvoke function 'MyApp!MyApp.Program::print_string_array' has unbalanced the stack.

And if you had included that in the question it would have been a great help.

Автор: David Heffernan Размещён: 10.11.2012 07:29

0 плюса

430 Репутация автора

Why the "print_string_array(IntPtr sa, int length);" instead of "print_string_array(IntPtr[] sa, int length);" ? And what does print_string_array look at the C-side? print_string_array(char** sa, int length); ?

Автор: Erik Размещён: 09.07.2016 09:45
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